S.Maria di Leuca, a well-known sea resort at the extreme edge of Apulia, where the blue Adriatic sea joins the Ionian sea, in front of the famous sanctuary “De Finibus Terrae”.
Gallipoli, which enlarges on a cape and a little island in the Ionian sea. It is an ancient Greek town, with a castle, the “Greek fountain” and a Baroque cathedral.
Otranto, on a creek of the Adriatic coast, known for its history: in 1480, 800 martyrs were beheaded by the Turkish as they did not deny Christian faith. Their remains are kept in a wonderful 11th century-cathedral along with some Byzantine mosaics and a crypt.
Lecce, where the 16th century Baroque style and the white local stone have given their best expression in the Cathedral square, the Holy Cross church and lots of small churches and old mansions in the picturesque streets of the historical centre.
It is worth going around the whole Salentine penisula, visiting the villages founded by the Greek (Calimera, Martano, Castrignano dei Greci, Melpignano, Corigliano d’Otranto…), with their Greek-Byzantine remains (dolmen, menhir, crypts and rock churches) and ancient popular traditions (shows, fairs, village festivals), but also the very old Nardò with its wonderful historical centre, Galatina and Maglie with their Gothic and Baroque churches, the grand Castle in Copertino the several examples of rural and rock architecture (ancient fortified farms, typical dry stone-dwellings, underground oil-mills).